Tuesday, March 7, 2017

The difference between bukan and tidak / no, not

Tidak has a similar meaning with bukan, but they are used in different ways. Bukan is used to indicate the negative of a noun. Tidak is used to indicate the negative of an adjective or verb. They are usually placed immediately before an adjective or verb.
* Unlike English, Indonesian nouns do not have an “s” added to indicate pluralization. Itu buku can mean “It is a book” or “those are books”.

* Apa itu? Has a similar meaning to Itu apa?, but Itu apakah? Is not used. Also, Apa itu? And apakah itu? Have a similar meaning. The particle -kah is combined with the interrogative apa to create a question. However, a question can be commonly asked without using this particle.
     Apa itu pensil?Itu pensil? Is that a pencil?
If apakah is used, more emphasis is on the question.
     Apakah itu pensil?Itu pensil? Is that a pencil?
The interrogative apakah is usually used to introduce “yes-no” questions and is placed at the beginning of a question when the answer is ya or bukan/tidak.
     Apakah ini baju? Is it a shirt?
     (+) Ya, ini baju. Yes, it is a shirt.

     (-) Bukan, ini bukan baju. No, it is not a shirt.

Saturday, August 20, 2016

Basic Vocabulary 'makan, memakan'

Makan, memakan : to eat

Orang Indonesia makan nasi tiga kali sehari.
Indonesians eat rice three times a day.

Relative words:
a. termakan : eaten
b. makanan : food
c. makan waktu ; to take up time
d. pemakan : eater

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Eating Out

Indonesians love to dine out and there is hardly any street where there is not a food outlet. The simplest eateries are called warung. These are either stationary or they are erected in the late afternoon. A meal in such a food stall usually is very very cheap. The most common term for restaurant is rumah makan and refers to stationary restaurants with chairs rather than wooden benches. The term rumah makan can refer to a cheap restaurant not much different from a warung but can also refer to high-class restaurants. The Dutch loanword restoran is usually reserved for better restaurants.


Indonesian
English
menu
Menu
harga
Price
piring
Plate
piring kosong
extra plate, ‘kosong’ literally means empty
sendok
Spoon
garpu
Fork
pisau
Knife
serbet makan
Napkin
garam
Salt
merica or lada
Pepper
sambal
chilli sauce
saus tomat
tomato ketchup
kecap manis
sweet soy sauce
kecap asin
salt soy sauce
satu porsi
one portion
satu portion lagi
one more portion
kasir
Cashier
bon
Bill
Bisa minta bon?
Can I have the bill?
mas
common term to call a male waiter/staff
mbak (pronounced: m-ba’)
common term to call a female waiterstaff
terima kasih
thank you
enak
Delicious



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Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Basic Vocabulary "minum, meminum"

minum, meminum: to drink

Dian suka minum jus jeruk.
Dian likes drinking orange juice.

Related words:

a. terminum: accidentally swallowed
b. minuman: drink, beverages
c. peminum: drinker (usually someone who drinks alcohol)
d. minuman keras: alcohol


Sunday, March 27, 2016

Basic Vocabulary "ada"

Ada: to be present, to have / own, there is

Related words:

a. berada: to be in a place
b. keberadaan: existence
c. mengadakan: to put on something (e.g. a function)
d. keadaan: situation
e. pengadaan: supplying, provisions